Textile auxiliaries: softener agent2015.12.10 08:46
Today's society, clothing industry is booming, people's requirements for clothing is also growing. Some people care about texture, some people settle on the appearance, of course, the best of both worlds is reassuring, but on the basis of these, at least clothes to wear comfortable. So there's no wonder, why the clothes we wear in the body will be soft, what kind of a process, the following, let us explore together.
What is softener agent
Softener agent, is to make an article soft, it is a chemical substance. It can make the surface of the fiber become smooth, making the product feel comfortable, feel better. There is a term called static friction coefficient and dynamic friction coefficient, soft feeling is when the two factors of the occurrence of a comprehensive feeling, and the soft agent is able to make the change of a chemical substance.
Use of softener agent
In the process of textile processing, because after many times of treatment, will lead to the feeling of textiles is not good, there is a rough feeling, then you need to make some finishing, the general application of the more widely used is to make the fabric soft and smooth, enhance the feel and texture, wearing more comfortable. Textile processing, will lead to the fabric friction between the fabric and textile machinery friction between each other, so that more easily to make the fabric abrasion, in order to avoid these injuries, so that fiber can meet the processing conditions of soft and smooth, need to use a soft agent, so we will say that soft agent is a very important textile auxiliaries.
Types of softener agent
Softener can be divided into many types, cationic softener is used more, other and ester group quaternary ammonium salt, silicone, film, that of d1821, below to analyze.
First of all, it is the use of the most extensive softening agent, that is, a cationic type of soft agent. Often used for cotton, acrylic, nylon and silk. This type of soft agent with strong ability to withstand high temperature, washing, easy to adsorption on the surface of the fiber, and after finishing a lot, can make the fabric become more plump, and can improve the wear resistance, but also has the effect of preventing static electricity. But this kind of flexible agent also has some disadvantages, for example, in high temperature will cause yellowing and color fastness to light will decline.
Ester quaternary ammonium salt will be a dominant trend in the future, can become the dominant trend must have its advantages, the soft properties of ester based quaternary ammonium salt stable, and the amount is small, can be sterilized, but also to avoid yellowing.
The advantages of silicone soft agent is good, but also has its disadvantages, the cost of this kind of soft agent will be relatively high, the price is more expensive, but also easy to cause floating oil, so in the modern industry is not suitable for long-term development.
Type of film film dosage needs due to the relatively large, so the cost will be increased, but this kind of softening agent to use will more convenient.